Caterina van Hemessen (1528 – 1587 or later) was a Flemish Renaissance painter known for her small portraits of women completed in the mid sixteenth century. She was the daughter of and apprentice to Jan Sanders van Hemessen (c. 1500 – c. 1566). Besides being the earliest known female Flemish painter, she is also credited with creating the first self-portrait of an artist sitting at the easel.
There are no known works by Caterina van Hemessen dated after her marriage in 1554, and some scholars believe this may have marked the end of her career as an artist.
The Turin-Milan Hours, which was partially destroyed by a fire in 1904, is an illuminated manuscript and book of hours. It was begun in the late fourteenth century and was completed in various stages. At times in the possession of Jean, Duc de Berry and eventually John III Duke of Bavaria (Count of Holland), the Turin and Milan Hours was worked on by a number of different artists and was originally thought to be two separate volumes. Several miniatures completed in the latter stages of the work, probably around 1420, are credited to an artist called “Hand G”.
This is most likely the Van Eyck brothers, Jan and Hubert, legendary, especially Jan Van Eyck, for revolutionizing painting in Europe in the fifteenth century. The parts of the manuscript attributed to them are widely regarded as the most masterful and interesting.
It was reported that an electrical fire in the Turin National University Library was responsible for the destruction of the portions of the Turin-Milan Hours that were kept there and along with it around 100,000 volumes and other priceless manuscripts. Fortunately, photographic reproductions of the destroyed parts remain intact.
Two paintings by Flemish Northern Renaissance painter, Joachim Patinir (c. 1480 – 1524)